According to the study below, many children harbor racist ideas about skin color. Should this attitude be addressed in school curriculum?

Soapbox

Study: White and black children biased toward lighter skin

May 14, 2010 -- Updated 2024 GMT (0424 HKT)
Click to play
'Why do you want that skin color?'
 

See the results of the CNN-commissioned study on children's racial beliefs, attitudes and preferences, and see the children as they take the test on a special "AC360°" in front of a live studio audience, tonight at 10pm ET

(CNN) -- A white child looks at a picture of a black child and says she's bad because she's black. A black child says a white child is ugly because he's white. A white child says a black child is dumb because she has dark skin.

This isn't a schoolyard fight that takes a racial turn, not a vestige of the "Jim Crow" South; these are American schoolchildren in 2010.

Nearly 60 years after American schools were desegregated by the landmark Brown v. Board of Education ruling, and more than a year after the election of the country's first black president, white children have an overwhelming white bias, and black children also have a bias toward white, according to a new study commissioned by CNN.

Full coverage: Kids on Race

Renowned child psychologist and University of Chicago professor Margaret Beale Spencer, a leading researcher in the field of child development, led the study. She designed the pilot study and led a team of three psychologists: two testers to execute the study and a statistician to help analyze the results.

Video: 'Show me the dumb child'
Video: 'Don't really care' about color

Her team tested 133 children from schools that met very specific economic and demographic requirements. In total, eight schools participated: four in the greater New York City area and four in Georgia.

Full doll study results

In each school, Spencer tested children from two age groups: 4 to 5 and 9 to 10.

Since this is a pilot study and not a fully funded scientific study, the sample size and race selection were limited. But according to Spencer, it was satisfactory to yield conclusive results. A pilot study is normally the first step in creating a larger scientific study and often speaks to overall trends that require more research.

Spencer's test aimed to re-create the landmark Doll Test from the 1940s. Those tests, conducted by psychologists Kenneth and Mamie Clark, were designed to measure how segregation affected African-American children.

The Clarks asked black children to choose between a white doll and -- because at the time, no brown dolls were available -- a white doll painted brown. They asked black children a series of questions and found they overwhelmingly preferred white over brown. The study and its conclusions were used in the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education case, which led to the desegregation of American schools.

1947 Doll Test results

In the new study, Spencer's researchers asked the younger children a series of questions and had them answer by pointing to one of five cartoon pictures that varied in skin color from light to dark. The older children were asked the same questions using the same cartoon pictures, and were then asked a series of questions about a color bar chart that showed light to dark skin tones.

The tests showed that white children, as a whole, responded with a high rate of what researchers call "white bias," identifying the color of their own skin with positive attributes and darker skin with negative attributes. Spencer said even black children, as a whole, have some bias toward whiteness, but far less than white children.

"All kids on the one hand are exposed to the stereotypes" she said. "What's really significant here is that white children are learning or maintaining those stereotypes much more strongly than the African-American children. Therefore, the white youngsters are even more stereotypic in their responses concerning attitudes, beliefs and attitudes and preferences than the African-American children."

Spencer says this may be happening because "parents of color in particular had the extra burden of helping to function as an interpretative wedge for their children. Parents have to reframe what children experience ... and the fact that white children and families don't have to engage in that level of parenting, I think, does suggest a level of entitlement. You can spend more time on spelling, math and reading, because you don't have that extra task of basically reframing messages that children get from society."

iReport: Where do we go from here?

Spencer was also surprised that children's ideas about race, for the most part, don't evolve as they get older. The study showed that children's ideas about race change little from age 5 to age 10.

"The fact that there were no differences between younger children, who are very spontaneous because of where they are developmentally, versus older children, who are more thoughtful, given where they are in their thinking, I was a little surprised that we did not find differences."

Spencer said the study points to major trends but is not the definitive word on children and race. It does lead her to conclude that even in 2010, "we are still living in a society where dark things are devalued and white things are valued."

Comments

Wed, 2013/05/15 - 9:59am cbs payday loans #56
grorgoslery's picture
Joined 2013-05-14
Votes: 0
Polls:
Comments: 1
loans. Hence, they make a perfect choice for the duration of those who basic perceptive cash. Are you having any grotty credit issues and seeking recompense loans? Are you military personnel and find payday loans uk by text payday loans lincoln ne
Wed, 2016/05/25 - 6:06pm Re: According to the study below, many children harbor ... #117
sanson's picture
Joined 2016-02-28
Votes: 6
Polls:
Comments: 22

This is the most saddest things ever so happens in a school between the kids. Kids little thoughts are being made more worse by the circumstances. The reasons may be many but the child is suffering a lot. As bestessay.com articles suggests these differences of skin color must be avoided in them through several counseling sessions and awareness.

Tue, 2016/08/09 - 7:12am Re: According to the study below, many children harbor ... #173
SkyeClapp's picture
Joined 2016-08-09
Votes: 0
Polls:
Comments: 2

It provides comprehensive and cost effective IT certifications exams preparation material. Let’s take benefit of Exams success pass4sure SY0-401 Exam training material and clear your IT certification on first try. Check out today.

Mon, 2016/08/29 - 8:00am Re: According to the study below, many children harbor ... #188
SteveRegan's picture
Joined 2016-03-17
Votes: 3
Polls:
Comments: 6

I would say it is good to address this issue early in schools itself. The reason is from the living system and the people they see around,  they already gets or aware about skin colour difference. How to join Indian Army So there is a chance they might get the wrong idea from others, so if it is addressed properly in schools, it might can help them to think positive and see such problems in the right way.

Wed, 2017/08/23 - 8:48am Re: According to the study below, many children harbor ... #2943
ujang16's picture
Joined 2017-08-23
Votes: 0
Polls:
Comments: 15

Paragraf dibagi menurut jenis dan letak kalimat utamanyaDistributor plat besi hitam Distributor plat besi hitam undangan pernikahan bentuk tas Distributor plat kapal besi baja Agen besi beton interworld steel is undangan pernikahan modern Toko Plat Bordes Kembangjual besi baja online jualbesibajaonline.com jualbesibajaonline supplier besi wf supplier besi h beam supplier besi cnp supplier besi unp supplier besi beton supplier besi plat supplier besi siku supplier pipa besi agen besi wf agen besi h beam agen besi cnp agen besi unp harga besi beton harga besi plat harga besi siku agen pipa besi besi wf besi h beam besi beton besi cnp besi unp besi plat besi siku besi pipa Jual besi baja plat astm a 283 grade a 285 grade c 70 c a 516 grade 70 harga distributor jakarta surabaya Jual Harga Distributor Wear Plate Tahan Gesek Hardox 400 450 500 Jual Harga Distributor Wear Plate Tahan Gesek Abrex 400 450 500 Harga Jual Distributor Plat Boiler Tahan Panas Astm A 516 GR 70 Jual Harga Distributor Plate Boiler Tahan Panas Astm A 283 Gr c Distributor Plat Boiler Tahan Panas astm a 285 gr c Harga Jual Murah Disini Distributor Plat Tahan Gesek Waear Plate Creusabro 4800 8000 Harga Jual murah Harga Jual Distributor Pipa Boiler DIN 17175, EN 100126 P235 GH Vallorec, Sumitomo dan Benteler konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi konstruksi bangunan jasa konstruksi besi baja konstruksi jembatan jasa konstruksi gudang konstruksi baja wf jasa konstruksi gedung harga konstruksi baja per m2 jasa konstruksi baja wf konstruksi kapal jasa konstruksi jembatan konstruksi cakar ayam jasa konstruksi bangunan contoh konstruksi baja wf jasa konstruksi konstruksi jembatan beton jasa konstruksi besi baja konstruksi bangunan 2 lantai jasa konstruksi gudang undangan pernikahan simple

Thu, 2018/11/08 - 6:34am Re: According to the study below, many children harbor ... #7532
kakakaoo's picture
Joined 2018-03-09
Votes: 0
Polls:
Comments: 79

20181108lck

ugg outlet

kobe 9

canada goose outlet

nobis outlet

michael kors outlet

air jordan 3

ray ban sunglasses

cheap jordans

air max 90

herve leger outlet

uggs outlet

tory burch outlet

uggs outlet

new balance shoes

links of london

adidas wings

ubiq shoes

red bottom shoes

ray ban sunglasses

fitflops sale

christian louboutin outlet

lacoste polo shirts

ugg outlet

coach outlet

true religion jeans

christian louboutin shoes

michael kors outlet clearance

ugg boots

stussy clothing

ray ban sunglasses

kings jerseys

hermes birkin

nba jerseys

coach outlet online

ugg boots

pandora charms

jordan shoes

michael kors outlet

michael kors outlet

louboutin shoes

nike lunarglide

coach outlet

adidas outlet

uggs outlet

ray ban sunglasses

manolo blahnik outlet

coach outlet

yeezy boost

coach outlet online

coach outlet

golden goose sneakers

reebok outlet store

longchamp handbags

cheap jordans

toms shoes

christian louboutin outlet

le coq sportif shoes

kate spade outlet

canada goose outlet

ray ban sunglasses

michael kors outlet

pandora charms

pandora outlet

ray ban sunglasses

palladium boots

ugg boots clearance

soccer jerseys

supreme clothing

heat jerseys

denver broncos jerseys

coach outlet online

lakers jerseys

scarpe mbt

canada goose outlet

wellensteyn jackets

polo ralph lauren

longchamp outlet

lakers jerseys

pistons jerseys

air max 90

coach handbags

prada shoes

ysl outlet

supreme clothing

michael kors outlet

christian louboutin shoes

uggs outlet

canada goose outlet

mulberry bags

michael kors outlet

mulberry handbags

canada goose outlet

light up shoes

kate spade outlet

oakley sunglasses

air max 97

burberry outlet

merrell shoes

polo outlet

christian louboutin outlet

canada goose outlet

ugg outlet

michael kors handbags

ferragamo outlet

cazal sunglasses

pandora charms

kate spade outlet

chelsea jersey

coach outlet

canada goose jackets

pandora charms

futbol baratas

vans shoes

longchamp handbags

true religion jeans

michael kors

kate spade outlet

polo outlet

moncler outlet

kobe shoes

air max

pandora outlet

oakley sunglasses

nike shoes

suns jerseys

clarks shoes

jordan shoes

coach outlet

coach outlet

michael kors outlet

christian louboutin outlet

kevin durant shoes

adidas nmd

salomon shoes

coach outlet

uggs outlet

cheap jordans

simulation shoes

michael kors outlet

minnetonka outlet

mulberry bags

michael kors outlet

true religion outlet

ferragamo outlet

moncler outlet

barbour jackets

chrome hearts outlet

timberwolves jerseys

north face jackets

oakley sunglasses

michael kors

north face jackets

ugg boots

gucci outlet

miu miu handbags

world cup jerseys

nba jerseys

tory burch outlet

pandora charms

bvlgari jewelry

michael kors outlet

chrome hearts outlet

air force 1

manchester united jersey

tods outlet

spurs jerseys

ugg boots

coach outlet

nfl jerseys wholesale

polo ralph lauren

cheap football shirts

red bottom shoes

nike foamposite

polo ralph lauren

ugg boots

ralph lauren polo shirts

coach outlet store online

puma outlet

celine outlet

pandora outlet

dolce and gabbana

ralph lauren outlet

yeezy boost

nike free

adidas trainers

coach handbags

polo ralph lauren

jordan shoes

coach outlet

knicks jerseys

michael kors outlet

fitflops outlet

pandora jewelry

true religion jeans

michael kors outlet

coach canada

michael kors outlet

christian louboutin outlet

grizzlies jerseys

cartier jewelry

adidas ultra boost

cheap jordans

ugg outlet

pandora jewelry

canada goose outlet

mavericks jerseys

nike blazer pas cher

cheap jordans

balenciaga sneakers

kate spade outlet

toms shoes

canada goose jackets

jordan shoes

nike cortez

ugg outlet

coach outlet

pandora charms sale clearance

mcm outlet

jimmy choo shoes

air huarache

celtics jerseys

pandora charms

valentino outlet

ralph lauren polo

canada goose outlet

canada goose coats

michael kors outlet clearance

nike revolution

pelicans jerseys

true religion jeans

coach outlet

indianapolis colts jerseys

coach outlet online

michael kors outlet online

coach outlet

76ers jerseys

y3 shoes

ferragamo outlet

nike shoes

lacoste soldes

coach outlet

nike air force 1

prada outlet

canada goose jackets

michael kors outlet

uggs outlet

cheap snapbacks

michael kors outlet

jordan shoes

uggs outlet

jeep shoes

canada goose outlet

nike revolution

moncler outlet

kobe bryant shoes

visvim shoes

fila shoes

canada goose jackets

swarovski crystal

true religion jeans

coach outlet online

uggs outlet

adidas outlet

canada goose outlet

polo outlet

barcelona jersey

adidas crazy

ray ban sunglasses

nuggets jerseys

coach outlet online

pacers jerseys

hermes belt

canada goose outlet

ugg boots

polo ralph lauren

canada goose coats

kate spade outlet

swarovski outlet

dc shoes

nba jerseys

tory burch handbags

air max 1

adidas uk

converse shoes

tory burch outlet

mont blanc pens

christian louboutin outlet

longchamp outlet

coach outlet

mbt shoes

christian louboutin outlet

longchamp pliage

ugg boots clearance

canada goose jackets

burberry outlet

canada goose outlet

tory burch outlet

michael kors outlet online

ugg outlet

cheap jordans

20181108lck

Thu, 2019/03/21 - 8:24am Re: According to the study below, many children harbor ... #12947
kakakaoo's picture
Joined 2018-03-09
Votes: 0
Polls:
Comments: 79

moncler outlet

 

nike air max 2015

 

miu miu outletqqq

 

adidas neo

 

ugg outlet

 

canada goose outlet

 

ray ban sunglasses

 

vibram fivefingers

 

canada goose jackets

 

detroit lions jerseys

 

michael kors outlet

 

cristiano ronaldo jerseys

 

ecco shoes

 

rolex watches outlet

 

celine outlet

 

milwaukee brewers jerseys

 

nike blazer pas cher

 

christian louboutin

 

north face jackets

 

jordan 3

 

celine handbags

 

kobe shoes

 

christian louboutin sale

 

coach outlet

 

prada outlet

 

kate spade outlet

 

toms

 

birkenstock

 

air jordan

 

fila shoes

 

cheap oakley sunglasses

 

coach factory outlet

 

ugg italia

 

juicy couture outlet

 

christian louboutin shoes

 

fjallraven outlet

 

the north face outlet

 

coach factory outlet

 

true religion jeans

 

nike air max

 

michael kors outlet

 

michael kors outlet store

 

mac cosmetics

 

coach outlet online

 

nike air max outlet

 

adidas ultra boost

 

mbt outlet

 

pandora

 

cheap uggs

 

fitflops sale clearance

 

miu miu handbags

 

moncler outlet

 

coach outlet

 

yeezy boost

 

canada goose jackets

 

coach factory outlet

 

coach outlet

 

kevin durant shoes

 

guess canada

 

coach outlet

 

ugg boots on sale

 

coach outlet

 

nba jerseys

 

nike air max 270

 

coach outlet

 

coach factory outlet

 

true religion jeans sale

 

birkenstock sandals

 

polo ralph lauren outlet

 

coach outlet

 

los angeles angels jerseys

 

maui jim sunglasses

 

pandora jewelry

 

coach outlet store

 

adidas nmd r1

 

lacoste outlet

 

superdry

 

canada goose jackets

 

valentino outlet store

 

adidas superstar

 

coach outlet

 

moncler outlet

 

coach outlet

 

nike hyperdunk

 

cheap jordans

 

coach outlet

 

nike air max

 

michael kors outlet store

 

fitflops sale

 

adidas shoes

 

valentino outlet

 

nike shoes

 

ugg boots

 

asics shoes

 

true religion outlet

 

ray ban sunglasses

 

adidas yeezy shoes

 

mont blanc pens

 

le coq sportif shoes

 

ralph lauren outlet

 

fitflops

 

david yurman jewelry